Central America

South America



Equatorial Guinea in Africa has Spanish and French as its official languages.It is a country located in Central Africa. With an area of 28,000 km2 it is one of the smallest countries in continental Africa. It has a population estimated at half a million.

The great majority of Equatorial Guineans speak Spanish, especially those living in the capital, Malabo. Spanish has been an official language since 1844.

The Portuguese explorer Fernão do Pó, seeking a path to India, discover the island of Bioko in 1472. He called it Formosa, but it quickly took on the name of its European discoverer. In 1778, the island, adjacent islets, and commercial rights to the mainland between the Niger and Ogoue Rivers were given to Spain in exchange for territory in the American continent. Between 1778 and 1810, the territory of Equatorial Guinea depended administratively on the Rio de la Plata. From 1827 to 1843, the United Kingdom established a base on the island to combat the slave trade, which was then moved to Sierra Leone upon agreement with Spain in 1843. In 1844, on restoration of Spanish sovereignty, it became known as the Territorios Españoles del Golfo de Guinea Ecuatorial, which means Equatorial Guinea.