Lecture Notes on Rate & Orientation in EAS

Rate & Orientation in Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution


Substitution Effects

Fact & Theory

Table 2-12 in your textbook classifies substituents towards EAS.

For each substituent will need to know:
  • its effect on orientation
  • whether it is activating or deactivating
  • how strongly activating or deactivating it is

You should memorize this table!


Direct suggestions, comments, and questions about this page to Arlene Courtney, courtna@wou.edu.
Last Modified February 12, 1998

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